What is a Schengen Visa?
The Schengen Visa is a document that allows its holder to travel throughout the Schengen Area, which covers 26 countries. This type of visa is issued by one of the Schengen States, and allows you to visit any of the Schengen countries for a duration of up to 90 days in total within a period of six months.
Schengen visas are provided to foreigners for travel to the Schengen Area. The Schengen Area includes 26 countries that allow their citizens to travel freely across internal country borders in entire Schengen area.These countries include all of the European Union except Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Ireland, Romania, and the United Kingdom.
What is the Schengen Area?
The Schengen Zone is a territory of 26 countries, and home to more than 400 million citizens. It was first initiated in 1985 by five EU member states in order to abolish internal borders. It consists of 22 European Union member states and four other countries that are part of the European Free Trade Association, which are Norway, Iceland, Switzerland and Lichtenstein.
Currently, five European Union member states, Ireland, Croatia, Bulgaria, Romania and Cyprus are not part of the Schengen Area (without counting United Kingdom which will leave the EU on March 2019).
Types Of Schengen Visa
There are many types of a Schengen visa issued by the embassy/consulate of schengen countries.
1. Uniform Schengen Visas. (USV)
Uniform Schengen Visa is a permit of one of the Schengen Country to reside or transit in the desired territory for up to the maximum of 90 days starting from the date of entry. According to the purpose of visit Uniform Schengen Visa can be apply in two categories, (A) and (C).
- Category “A” (Airport Transit Visa) This visa for individuals those traveling from one non Schengen country to another through a Schengen country airport
- Category “B” (Transit Visa) Allows individuals to travel through multiple Schengen countries to a non-Schengen country by car, bus, or plane or ship as long as travel lasts no more than 5 days
- Category “C” (Short-term Visa) This visa will provided for single entry, double entry, or multiple entry, depending on the purpose of your travel
2. Limited territorial validity visas. (LTV)
This visa only allows you to travel only one Schengen Country which has issued the visa, this kind of visa is invalid to any other Schengen country you cannot travel to some other schengen area member countries.
3. National Visas.
The national visa of “D” category visas are valid for those residing in a schengen country for a specified period of time and will be return to home country after the visa expires. you may also acquire a multi-entry visa to travel to other Schengen countries in the Schengen Area.
You must meet one of the following requirements to qualify for a multiple entry type “D”visa,
- Become an international student in a study program which grants Schengen visas, or start full-time studies in a Schengen country.
- Become a teacher at a higher educational institution or research center in a Schengen country.
- Become a professional traveling to a Schengen country for sharing your expertise.
- Be traveling in the Schengen Area and experience an emergency, such as a medical condition, that prevents departure at the end of your National Visa.
Individual should apply for a Schengen visa, in the embassy of that country where he will spend the majority of his time.
Schengen Visa Fees
When applying for a Schengen visa there is a non-refundable mandatory visa fee every applicant must pay. The visa costs vary depending on the type of visa and age of the applicant as well as some other exceptions stated in the text.
The regular fee (in Euro)
- Airport transit visa – 60.00 EUR
- Short stay visa, less than 90 days – 60.00 EUR
- Long stay visa, more than 90 days – 99.00 EUR
The Schengen area is a made up of 26 European countries sign the agreement allows foreigners to travel freely between participating countries without having to go through border controls.
The Schengen agreement allows member states to temporarily reintroduce internal border controls if there is a serious threat to public policy or internal security.
Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Italy, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden and Switzerland.